Your digestive system of the esophagus, the stomach, the small intestines, the colon or large intestines down to the rectum. Gastroenterology deals with various health-related to your entire GI tract as well as vital organs that support the digestion. These are the liver, the gall bladder, and bile ducts and the pancreas.
Commonly encountered problems:
1. Perforation -
It is an emergency which requires urgent surgery.
2. Bleeding - failure to control bleeding by endoscopy or medicines requires surgery.
3. Acidity, Bloating, gas - these are called as a upper GI symptoms or dyspepsia. selected group of patients may benefit from surgery.
4. Cancer - it requires Gastrectomy( removal of stomach) with or without creation of artificial pouch. Further treatment in the form of chemotherapy or radiation therapy depends on final biopsy report.