Before we move on, let's define exactly what anal cancer is. The cancer develops in the rectum, which is part of the gastrointestinal tract. It is the part of the body where fecal matter is excreted from the body when there is bowel movement It is also important to know that we use the term anal cancer to identify the different types of cancer, these cancers are not really the same form of cancer, but some. This type of cancer is determined by the type of cancer that develops from that cell.
The most common form of anal cancer is called squamous cell carcinoma. This type of cancer develops in the outer layer of the anal canal. Clocogenic carcinoma is a form of anal cancer that is similar to squamous cell carcinoma. It is found between the outer part of the anus and the lower part of the rectum.
This form of cancer, known as adenocarcinoma, develops from the mucous glands located under the anal lining. The last two forms of anal cancer differ from others in that they are skin cancers. The first is basal cell carcinoma. This form of cancer develops in the skin around the anus. Another form of anal cancer which is skin cancer is known as melanoma and it occurs in the skin cells or in the rectum which darkens the skin.
Symptoms that characterize some types of this cancer include bleeding from the anal area, pain and / or pressure in the anal area, itching from the anus, discharge from the anus, a lump or swelling near the anus, changes. A change in bowel habits or a change in the size of the fecal matter. Please keep in mind, if a person experiences one or all of these symptoms, it does not mean that they have this cancer. They can be a sign of something completely different. But it is a sign that someone's doctor's visit is prescribed.
There are different treatments for anal cancer, depending on what type and stage it has reached. Sometimes doctors recommend surgery, usually after radiation and chemotherapy, sometimes surgery without radiation and chemotherapy. Doctors will help and advise, but the final decision will be on the patient.
Stool formed in colon enters in Rectum and there urge to defecate occur.
Thereafter stool enters in anal canal and finally come out through anal orifice.