Laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery is a specialized technique for performing surgery. Over the last 10 years the use of this technique has expanded into abdominal surgeries. In traditional open surgery the surgeon uses a single incision to enter into the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery uses several 0.5-1cm incisions. Specialized instruments and a special camera known as a laparoscope are passed through the trochars during the procedure. During the operation the surgeon watches detailed images of the abdomen on the monitor. This system allows the surgeon to perform the same operations as traditional surgery but with smaller incisions.
Advantages of laparoscopic surgeries are :
1. Compared to traditional open surgery, patients often experience less pain, a shorter recovery, and better cosmetic results due to small incisions.
2. There are many surgeries which can be performed laparoscopically in skillful hands. Hernia, gall bladder, stomach, small & large bowel, rectal , anal canal , biliary and esophageal surgeries can be performed very safely with good outcome.